Grammar Development in Constraint-Based Formalisms
Formalisms: HPSG and LFG
Jonas Kuhn and Stefan Müller
This course is an introduction to
Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) and
Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG).
The key concepts of both approaches are motivated by linguistic analyses
and both approaches are compared. Basic mechanisms to deal with
phrase structure and valence are introduced and the following
phenomena are studied: nonlocal dependencies, German clause structure,
coordination, lexical alternation.
The course consists of both a theoretical part and a practical one.
The participants will implement some of the analyses during the sessions.
Particular grammar development problems will be addressed also:
corpus oriented development, test methodology, lexicon development,
morphology, and ambiguity resolution. At the end of the course
participants should be able to write a non-trivial grammar
for a constraint-based parser.
- HPSG: Pollard and Sag (1994), Müller (1999)
- LFG: Butt et al. (1999), Dalrymple et al. (1995), Bresnan
Bresnan, J. (2000)
Lexical-Functional Syntax. Textbooks in Linguistics. Blackwell.
- Butt, M., T. King, M.-E. Niño, and F. Segond
A Grammar Writer's Cookbook. Number 95 in CSLI Lecture Notes.
Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.
Dalrymple, M., R. M. Kaplan, J. T. Maxwell, and A. Zaenen (Eds.)
- Formal Issues in Lexical-Functional Grammar. Stanford,
CA: CSLI Publications.
- Müller, S. (1999)
- Deutsche Syntax deklarativ. Head-Driven Phrase Structure
Grammar für das Deutsche. Number 394 in Linguistische
Arbeiten. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag.
- Pollard, C. J. and I. A. Sag (1994)
- Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Studies in
Contemporary Linguistics. Chicago, London: University of