& Vieri Samek-Lodovici
the prosody and syntax of DPs: Evidence from Italian noun adjective
In Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 27.1 (2009): 45-75.
This study tests a syntactic property - namely the availability of N-
vs. NP-raising in DPs - through prosodic means. The opposition between
N- and NP-raising is central to the ongoing debate about the internal
representation of DPs, yet it often eludes testing by syntactic means
alone. As we show in this study, the two syntactic hypotheses are
instead neatly distinguished by the distinct prosodic phrasing
predicted by each operation. In this paper, we present the results of
an empirical experiment designed to test the prosodic phrasing of N-A
and A-N sequences in Italian and the corresponding syntactic
implications. As prosodic cues, we use syllabic and word lengthening
effects induced by phonological phrase boundaries. According to our
results, A and N share the same phonological phrase in both orders.
Regarding the syntactic implications of this finding, we show that
under all current models of syntax prosody mapping the underlying
syntactic structure responsible for the attested prosodic phrasing must
necessarily rely on N-raising. Finally, we propose an analysis of
Italian DPs where the N-raising operation found necessary in light of
the attested prosodic phrasing is reconciled with the evidence for
DP-internal phrasal movement discussed in Cinque (2005, 2006).